Well, in theory you cound use following select to show / list all foreign keys for some table together DDL of constraint definition.

    att2.attname as "child_column",
    cl.relname as "parent_table",
    att.attname as "parent_column",
    pg_catalog.pg_get_constraintdef(con_oid) as "constraint_definition"
        unnest(con1.conkey) as "parent",
        unnest(con1.confkey) as "child",
        con1.oid as con_oid
        pg_class cl
        join pg_namespace ns on cl.relnamespace = ns.oid
        join pg_constraint con1 on con1.conrelid = cl.oid
        cl.relname = '...your_table_name....'
        and ns.nspname = '...your_schema...'
        and con1.contype = 'f'  --this means the type of constraint "foreign key"
   ) con
   join pg_attribute att on
       att.attrelid = con.confrelid and att.attnum = con.child
   join pg_class cl on
       cl.oid = con.confrelid
   join pg_attribute att2 on
       att2.attrelid = con.conrelid and att2.attnum = con.parent

Praxis is not so trivial. DDL command for constraint you get from this build-in function “pg_get_constraintdef” is slightly different from real full definition.

Therefore in reality only pg_dump is able to give you full useful DDL command for anything. So if you for example need to create some script which should recreate some objects you are doomed to do it manually.

I am surprised that people in forums do not understand why could someone need simple way to get reliable DDL commands from PostgreSQL.